Cultural Navigation and Multiple Roles: Study of Adaptation of Minangkabau People in Overseas Land in the Perspective of the Proverb "Nan Sakuduang Jadi Saruik, Nan Salapeh Jadi Kambang"


  • Avid Leonardo Sari Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
  • Ali Anwar Yusuf Universitas Pasundan, Bandung, Indonesia



Merantau, Cultural Adaptation, Minangkabau People, Overseas Land, Minangkabau Proverb.


This article focuses on immigration in Minangkabau culture and how Minangkabau people assimilate in foreign lands. Using the Minangkabau proverb "Nan sakuduang jadi saruik, nan salapeh jadi kambang" as a theoretical framework, this study examines how the Minangkabau people maintain and preserve their culture while contributing to and assimilating into the new society Identity ("nan sakuduang jadi saruik"). It ('nan salapeh jadi kambang'). Research methods included a literature review, in-depth interviews, and participatory observation of Minangkabau communities in multiple resettlement sites. The results of this study show that despite the challenges and obstacles, the Minangkabau people successfully navigated and adapted to a new culture without losing their own cultural identity. This study provides new insights into immigrant cultural dynamics and adjustment processes in the context of Minangkabau, and has the potential to make a significant contribution to broader cultural and social research.


Abaza, M. (1998). Indonesian Students in Cairo: Islamic Education Perceptions and Exchanges. Asian Journal of Social Science, 26(2), 158–175. URL:

Abdullah, A. (2017). Adat and Islamic Identity of Minangkabau Migrants in Jakarta. Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, 55(2), 421-444. URL:

Asan, N. (2016). ‘Merantau’: The Dynamics of Minangkabau Youth Migration from West Sumatera to Pekanbaru. Jurnal Kajian Wilayah, 7(2), 187-196. URL:

Berry, J. W. (1997). Immigration, Acculturation, and Adaptation. Applied Psychology, 46(1), 5–34.

Blackburn, S. (2004). Women and the State in Modern Indonesia. Cambridge University Press. URL:

Bruinessen, M. van. (1995). Kitab Kuning, Pesantren dan Tarekat: Tradisi-tradisi Islam di Indonesia. Mizan.

Dwiyanto, A., & Pradiptyo, R. (2002). Migrasi dan Pengiriman Uang oleh Tenaga Kerja Indonesia: Studi Kasus di Jawa Tengah dan DI Yogyakarta. Buletin Ekonomi Moneter dan Perbankan, 5(1), 39–60.

Hadiz, V. R. (2004). Decentralization and Democracy in Indonesia: A Critique of Neo‐Institutionalist Perspectives. Development and Change, 35(4), 697–718. URL:

Haryanto, D. A. (2015). Cultural Adaptation of Minangkabau Migrants in Jakarta. Jurnal Kebudayaan, 9(1), 85-96. URL:

Iskandar, J. (2016). "‘Merantau’": The Cultural Dimensions of Minangkabau Migration in Indonesia. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42(10), 1686-1701. URL:

Maftuhah, D. A., & Soekamto, M. T. (2021). Konstruksi Identitas Sosial Masyarakat Minangkabau dalam Proses ‘Merantau’. Jurnal Socius: Journal of Sociology Research, 7(2), 132-145. URL:

Marzuki, M. I. (2018). Identity Reconstruction of Minangkabau Students in Yogyakarta. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, 22(3), 189-198. URL:

Navis, A. A. (1984). Alam Terkembang Jadi Guru: Adat dan Kebudayaan Minangkabau. Jakarta: Grafiti Pers.

Nilan, P. (2008). Youth transitions to urban, middle-class marriage in Indonesia: faith, family and finances. Journal of Youth Studies, 11(1), 65–82.

Nurhidayah, M. (2019). Continuity and Change: Identity Construction of Minangkabau Migrants in Bandung. Jurnal Komunikasi: Malaysian Journal of Communication, 35(1), 239-253. URL:

Rahman, S. A., Fauzan, M. I., & Muzakki, A. (2020). Perubahan Sosial dalam Perantauan: Studi Adaptasi Sosial Masyarakat Minangkabau di Kabupaten Tegal, Jawa Tengah. Masyarakat: Jurnal Sosiologi, 25(2), 198-208. URL:

Schiller, N. G., Basch, L., & Blanc-Szanton, C. (1992). Transnationalism: A New Analytic Framework for Understanding Migration. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 645(1), 1-24. URL:

Shiraishi, S. (1997). Young Heroes: The Indonesian Family in Politics. SEAP Publications.

Suryadi, A. (1995). The Making of Indonesian Islam. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers.

Ward, C., Bochner, S., & Furnham, A. (2001). The Psychology of Culture Shock. Routledge.




How to Cite

Sari, A. L. ., & Yusuf, A. A. . (2023). Cultural Navigation and Multiple Roles: Study of Adaptation of Minangkabau People in Overseas Land in the Perspective of the Proverb "Nan Sakuduang Jadi Saruik, Nan Salapeh Jadi Kambang". INFLUENCE: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENCE REVIEW, 5(2), 419–425.